All about Motor Vehicle Act 2019


INTRODUCTION – Motor Vehicle Act 2019

Motor Vehicle Act 2019 or the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019 was executed in September 2019. With the presentation of the new demonstration, a few traffic fines have expanded considerably and it is accepted that stricter punishments will not assist the specialists to control the threat of street mishaps caused because of careless driving.

 What is a Motor Vehicle Bill?

The Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2017 before the new  Motor Vehicle Act 2019was passed in September of 2019. The revisions were focused on changing the vehicle area to encourage more secure driving practices among Indian motor vehicle drivers. The draft for the change was advanced in the lower place of the Parliament, with a proposition to force severe fines on the violators of traffic rules.



The Motor Vehicle Bill 2017 (alteration) intends to propose stiffer punishments for shifted traffic offenses. Following is the synopsis of the proposed bill-

 synopsis of the proposed bill:

  • Parents who allow minors under the age of 18 to operate a motor vehicle face a three-year jail sentence.
  • Expanded pay for families whose individuals have met with a mishap.
  • Under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, there is no restriction for an outsider vehicle or bike protection. The bill proposed a cap of max outsider lawful obligation to Rs. 10 lakh for death and Rs. 5 lakh for genuine wounds.
  • Proposed the creation of a Motor Accident Fund to provide mandatory insurance coverage for pedestrians in India, but only for particular types of accidents.
  • Contractors will be blacklisted if the roads are in poor condition.
  • Promoting e-Government to allow for the online processing of learning licenses, and the elimination of educational qualifications when applying for a transportation license.
  • When applying for a driver’s license, you must provide your Aadhaar number.
  • Increased fines for serious traffic offenses such as driving while inebriated, rash driving, and not wearing seatbelts or helmets.

What is the Motor Vehicle Act 2019?

The Motor Vehicles Act appeared in 1988. It set down rules and guidelines on all parts of street transport, including enrollment of motor vehicles, controlling their permits, traffic guidelines, protections and punishments. Likewise, the Motor Vehicle Act makes it obligatory for a driver to have a legitimate driving license. Likewise, no vehicle can be utilized without an enrollment number.


Offenses covered by the Motor Vehicle Act 2019


The penalties for almost all driving errors have increased dramatically under the new Motor Vehicle Act 2019, particularly when it comes to serious offenses like drunk driving.

Section  Offense Old Penalty New Proposed Penalties
177 General Rs. 100 Rs. 500
New 177A Rules of road regulation violation Rs. 100 Rs. 500
178 Ticketless travel Rs. 200 Rs. 500
179 Disobedience of authorities’ orders Rs. 500 Rs. 2,000
180 Unauthorized use of vehicles without license Rs. 1,000 Rs. 5,000
181 Driving without license Rs. 500 Rs. 5,000
182 Driving despite disqualification Rs. 500 Rs. 10,000
182 B Oversize vehicles New Rs. 5,000

Over speeding

Rs. 400 Rs. 1,000 for LMV
Rs. 2,000 for Medium passenger vehicle
184 Dangerous driving penalty Rs. 1,000 Up to Rs. 5,000
185 Drunken driving Rs. 2,000 Rs. 10,000
189 Speeding/ Racing Rs. 500 Rs. 5,000
192 A Vehicle without permit Up to Rs. 5,000 Up to Rs. 10,000
193 Aggregators (violations of licensing conditions) New Rs. 10,000
194 Overloading Rs. 2,000 and Rs. 1,000 per extra tonne Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 2,000 per extra tonne
194 A Overloading of passengers New Rs. 1,000 per extra passenger
194 B Seat belt Rs. 100 Rs. 1,000
194 C Overloading of two-wheelers Rs. 100 Rs. 2,000 Disqualification for 3 months of the license
194 D Helmets Rs. 100 Rs. 1,000 Disqualification for 3 months of the license
194 E Not providing a way for emergency vehicles New Rs. 10,000
196 Driving without Insurance Rs. 1,000 Rs. 2,000
199 Offenses by Juveniles New Guardian/Owner shall be deemed to be guilty. Rs. 25,000 with 3 yrs imprisonment.
206 Power of Offices to impound documents New Suspension of driving licenses u/s 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E
210 B Offenses committed by enforcing authorities New Twice the penalty under the relevant section

New changes under Motor Vehicle Act 2019


The Traffic Rules in India are set according to the New Motor Vehicle Act 2019. Under the revised act, the punishments for traffic offenses have been expanded fundamentally and have turned more severe than any other time.

Driving Without License:

If you are found driving without a permit, a fine of Rs 5,000 will be needed to be paid by you. This is an expansion of multiple times from the prior fine of Rs 500.

Driving Without Insurance:

The penalty for driving without motor vehicle insurance has been increased from Rs 1,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months to Rs 2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for first-time offenders and Rs 4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for second-time offenders under the new Motor Vehicle Act 2019.

Driving With Disqualified DL:

In the event that one is discovered driving with a disqualified license, the individual can be fined Rs 10,000. This fine was simply Rs 500 before.


Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol or Intoxicating Substance:

Drunk driving, or driving while under the influence of alcohol or another substance, is one of the most serious issues facing society today. Obviously, it’s additionally a genuine offense as it represents an incredible danger to the security of both the driver and that of other street clients. Henceforth, according to the new traffic rules and fines, the punishment that the wrongdoer needs to pay has been expanded by a few times. Contrasted with the old punishment of Rs 2,000, a first-time guilty party presently needs to pay Rs 10,000 as well as face detainment of a half year. Likewise, the second-time guilty party needs to pay Rs 15,000 and can look for as long as 2 years of detainment.

 Not Wearing a Helmet:

The traffic fine for riding a bike without wearing an ISI-endorsed approved helmet has been expanded from Rs 100 before to Rs. 1,000 now.

Dashing and Speed-testing:

Another profoundly genuine offense that is frequently seen being committed on our streets is that of hustling and speed-testing. For this, the fine has been knocked up from Rs.500 to prior to Rs.5,000 and additionally detainment of as long as 3 months interestingly guilty parties and Rs.10,000 and additionally detainment of as long as 1 year for habitual perpetrators.

Offenses by Juveniles:

The juvenile is not punished, as before, but the owner of the vehicle or the underage driver’s guardian must now pay a fine of Rs.25, 000 and face a three-year jail sentence.

Offenses Committed by Enforcing Officers:

According to the Motor Vehicle Act 2019, there is no fixed punishment for this offense except for the new fine is twofold the punishment under the applicable segment.

Having Two Driving Licenses:

In the event that one is found to have at least two driving licenses, the individual can be punished. Likewise, from now, all driving licenses that are to be given will have a shrewd chip that can be gotten to by the traffic police through a QR code.


Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp

Recent Posts