Section 177A talks about those who contravene the regulations laid down in Section 118 are liable to a fine of not less than 500 rupees, but may extend to 1000 rupees. (Violation of rules of road regulation)
The Central Government has made the following motor vehicle driving regulations in exercising its powers under Section 118 of the Motor Vehicle Act 1988 (59 of 1988), and in overcoming the road rules of 1989, excluding as to what was done or skipped before that supersession.
Traffic regulation is necessary to make the movement of vehicles and pedestrians safer and efficient on roads. The objective is to develop appropriate regulations for vehicle control, drivers and other road users. Any enforcement and supervision should be in compliance without unreasonable violation with the human rights of road users.
There are simple traffic laws that extend throughout the world. For eg, the “keep left” rule in India and the United Kingdom provides that the road owner or vehicle usually must be kept on the left or lane. However, this law cannot be solely enforced to one-way and multi-lane routes. “Maintain the right” is practiced in countries such as the USA and Canada.
Most countries in the world are in “keep to the right.” It would be easy for drivers to drive in a country other than their own if all the countries followed a single code. As, however, driving regulations vary from country to country, it becomes very difficult to conform to a collection of driving regulations separate from the parent country. Modifying road infrastructure, traffic control systems and even the development of vehicles would involve switching over from one law to another.
Below are some of the road rules regulations:-
The overtaking is made from the right in the countries adopting the “keep to the Left” regulation. Overhauling itself could of course be forbidden in certain places owing to limitations on visual lengths and other factors. Again, the law cannot be applied on multi-lane highways.
The left turn from the lane that is closest to the left side of the road must be in the left lane that is closest to the left kerb. Likewise, a maneuver on the right hand side of the lane adjacent to the street center line must be taken in the left side of the lane next to the center line.
In India, suitable hand signals may also be used to signify a left, right, overtaking, speeding down, halt, etc.
Speed control is a vital vehicle to ensure safety on the lane. Speed limits should be adequate and practical for local circumstances in order to curb driver temptation to ignore them.
The speed limits must apply to traffic flows and nature, overall geometric characteristics of the road in the specific area, foot traffic, urban or rural nature, day time, etc.
Speed-zoning of many sections of a road contributes to the intrinsic impact of decreasing crash rates and increasing protection. This is often referred to as the “zoning speed” method.
•PRECAUTIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN AT INTERSECTIONS-
On roaching a road crossing, intersection or traffic junction, footpath or road curve, the car shall slow down invariably and will not approach any other junction or crossing until other road users’ protection on or on that junction, road turn-off, pedestrian crossing or road corner is likely to be threatened.
Vehicles coming from the right side have the right path at intersections and junctions.
If the lane at the intersection is at a standstill and though it is along the main road and has a light to continue, a motor vehicle shall not reach the intersection.
•INDICATIONS OF SIGNALS-
The driver must specifically show his intention to change track, turn right or left and use mechanical and electric instruments mounted in the vehicle or by hand signals before making any manoeuvre.
If an electric or mechanical unit that is not fitted in or is not fitted in the vehicle for signalling, but does not operate, the driver shall provide manual signals in compliance with the regulations.
•TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNALS-
The vehicle shall slow down and follow the guidance given by traffic control signals as it passes the traffic control signal.
•USE OF MOBILE PHONES AND OTHER COMMUNICATION DEVICE
No hand-holder telephone or other contact equipment shall be used by the driver.
During training or supervision, no coach or supervisor shall use a cell phone or other contact device.